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HomeBackTillersSickle Bar MowersChipper/ShredderSnow ThrowersMowersSweeper


BCS Rear Tine Tiller

Faster Tine Rotation for finer soils

Exclusive planar wedge design

Adjustable tiller widths

Breaks new ground for planting and seeding

Prepares seed beds in Spring

Cultivates between rows in Summer

Power composts in Summer and Fall


Rear Tine Tiller Specifications/Compatibility Guide

















Tine Rotation


20 times for every turn of the drive wheels in 1st gear


Forward (down into soil at the front - up at the back)

Tine Speed

290 RPM

Weight (attachment only)


64 lbs.


86 lbs.


90 lbs.


96 lbs

Adjustable Tiller Widths

BCS Tillers are adjustable in width allowing the tiller attachment to be wider when tilling large open areas and to be narrower for cultivating between rows of crops.  The 26 tiller can be narrowed to 20 wide, the 30 tiller can be narrowed to 26 wide and the 34 tiller can be narrowed to 27 wide.    Conversely the 20 wide tiller can be expanded to 26 wide by adding tine holders and tines.  The 18 wide tiller is fixed width matched to the power of the smaller BCS tractors.  Another example to BCS versatility!

Understanding Tillers*

To get the most out of any tiller, use it for:



See bed Preparation (Spring): Tillers are used in the spring to prepare the garden seed bed. Tilling the ground until you have an 8" deep seed bed of well tilled soil produces the proper growing environment for young plants



Cultivation (Summer): It is important to cultivate between the rows of plants during the growing season. Tilling only 1" to 2" eliminates weeds and loosens the soil surface. This allows moisture to penetrate the soil, controls the weeds and provides more moisture for your crops.



Power Composting (Fall): Tilling garden plant remains into the soil, chopping them into small pieces and burying them in the garden soil promotes rapid decomposition of the plant material, adding more organic matter to the soil.

In selecting a tiller, gardeners have several choices: front tine tillers, counter-rotating rear tine tillers, dedicated tillers, and attachment rear tine tillers. The words "front" and "rear" refer to the location of the tiller box and it's tooth-like rotating tines in relation to the machine's engine.

Front Tine Tillers

Front tillers are designed to be inexpensive, so naturally, they have several limitations.



The forward motion of the machine relies on your shoulders to tip the tines into the soil since the tines drive the machine forward. It is more physically strenuous and difficult to operate a front tine tiller.



It is difficult to till at a consistent depth with a font tine tiller. You must hold back on the machine to control the tilling depth while pushing forward to propel the machine itself forward.



Front tine tillers cultivate too deeply and prune lateral roots of the plants you are growing. The tines chop off the tomato and corn lateral roots that grow 3" below the soil surface.



Front tine tiller tines rotate very slowly, making power composting impossible. The plant material winds around the tines, leaving the gardener with a ball of material to unwind. Returning the chopped garden material into the garden is essential to build healthy soil in organic gardening.



The slower tine speed also produces a rougher seed bed for spring planting.


Counter-rotating Rear Tine Tillers

A few manufacturers offer counter-rotating rear tine tillers. These tillers aggressively dig the soil, but they have several important limitations:



Counter-rotating rear tine tillers do not till at a consistent depth for seedbed preparation. They till at 8" in some areas and 5" in others because the counter-rotation of the tines is fighting the forward rotation of the drive wheels. This results in unevenly tilled seedbed.



These tillers cannot cultivate properly. The aggressive digging action of the counter-rotating tines cause the tiller to dig down more than the desired 2" cultivating depth. Cultivating at depths of 4", 6" or 8" prunes off the lateral roots of your crops that grow only 3" below the surface.



Power composting with a counter-rotating tiller is not possible. The tines enter the soil at the back of the tiller box and come up from under the soil surface to the garden material. Instead of chopping it, the material is wrapped over the top of the tines to the back of the tiller box.



Traction is a problem in the well-tilled gardens of serious gardeners. In soft soil, the counter-rotation of the tines pulls the machine back as the wheels try to drive the machine forward. The result is poor forward traction as the tiller tines work against the shell drive.


Rear Tine Tillers

Rear Tine tillers with forward rotating tines have several advantages over front tine tillers.



You can till at a consistent depth for the seedbed preparation. Both the tines and the drive wheels turn in a forward direction. However, rear tine tiller drive wheels only allow the machine to be propelled forward slowly despite the forward action of the tines, so the drive wheels actually hold the machine in place so that the tines can dig the seed bed to the desired depth. On the BCS tiller, the tilling depth is controlled by the depth gauge on the tiller box.



Using a BCS rear tine tiller, cultivating at a consistent 2" depth is a snap with the depth gauge set at 2". The adjustable width tiller boxes offered by BCS get your tiller into the narrow aisles between rows.



Power Composting is efficient because rear tine tillers tines can rotate much faster than front tine tiller tines. The forward rotation of the fast turning tines come down on the plant material, chopping and tilling it into the soil, and then the tines come around to chop the plant material again.

Dedicated Tillers

Dedicated tillers (either front or rear) are specialized machines that may not be used for other applications. Owners of dedicated tillers typically own one or more other pieces of gardening or grounds-keeping equipment, such as a mower or snow thrower. This type of owner is required to undergo the expense of maintaining each of the several engines and drive trains on these machines separately.

BCS Versatility

BCS Tillers (and many other BCS attachments) are bolted directly to the PTO of BCS tractors or are quickly snapped-on with the optional quick hitch accessory. BCS attachments are not driven with belts or chains, but with an all gear transmission using an automotive-style clutch. This arrangement transfers all but 3% of the engine's power to the tiller or other attachment, compared to 15% on belt-driven machinery.

* This text was taken from BCS-America



 BCS Shop

PO Box 249,         Harvard  MA, 01451

978 456-3327


This site was last updated on April14,2006